Moroccan household satellite account: methodology and results
64th ISI World Statistics Congress - Ottawa, Canada
Format: CPS Abstract
Session: CPS 25 - Household data
Monday 17 July 5:30 p.m. - 6:30 p.m. (Canada/Eastern)
GDP, the main indicator of the health of an economy and the best known and widely used by international and national institutions and by academic researchers, is often subject of several criticisms for various reasons:
- GDP, as an aggregate referring to the total economy, is linked to the value of the goods and services produced. It does not consider the depreciation of capital and the possible negative effects of growth on the environment.
- GDP does not consider all forms of productive work in the broad sense and thus hides a considerable part of the unpaid work carried out mainly by women.
To overcome this last shortcoming, the establishment of a household satellite account, focusing on the non-SNA household production, is an opportunity to make women's domestic work visible.
Based on internationally recognized methods, the production of Moroccan household satellite account required the use of several sources of data, namely the national accounts of the reference year, data from the time use survey, household consumption surveys, the survey on informal sector and the national labour force survey.
This account aims to estimate the production and value added of unpaid domestic work, broken down by activity. This production being non-market, its estimate is made considering the cost of the various necessary inputs: the production of households outside the SNA results from the combination of unpaid work, goods, services and capital.
The approach used is based on
- estimating the hourly volume of productive work not included in the national accounts’ boundary through data from the time use survey;
- valuing the volume of unpaid domestic work using an adequate hourly wage for each activity.
- estimating the intermediate consumption of each activity through the households’ acquisition of goods and services used in domestic activities.
- Estimating the capital consumption of durables used in household production.
Unpaid work creates the equivalent of 19.4% of GDP;
The added value of unpaid work greatly exceeds that of the manufacturing industry (126%);
84% of domestic value added is generated by women's unpaid work.